Compost At Home | Make Your Own Compost For Your Garden

Compost At Home | Make Your Own Compost For Your Garden

How to Make Compost and Fertilizer at Home For Your Garden

For the good growth of the plant, some people use different types of chemical fertilizers, due to which the plant grows but it has a negative effect on the soil, as well as the vegetables grown by chemical fertilizers. By consuming more fruits, we do not get enough nutrients and the risk of getting many types of diseases also increases. For the good growth of the plant and to make the soil fertile for a long time, we should use homemade organic fertilizer or compost. You can easily make organic compost fertilizer from the waste material of the house. Read this complete article to know about how to make compost fertilizer for plants at home, how to make compost fertilizer, and best compost fertilizer for vegetables.

Table of Content 

What is Composting?

Composting is a process in which microorganisms convert organic matter or food waste into compost with the help of water, air. This compost is good only for the plants grown at home or in the fields and because it does not contain any kind of chemical substance it is beneficial for the health of our soil.

It is very important to have 4 things for microorganism composting –

1. Dry leaves, dust, with the help of paper – carbon
2. From the waste of leftover fruits and vegetables – Nitrogen
3. From our atmosphere – Oxygen
4. The right amount of water so that the waste made by mixing the above three things can rot.

Benefits of Composting at Home 

  • Maintains the fertility of the soil.
  • Via enhancing soil structure and aeration, increases the soil's nutritional content or enhances the soil's physical condition.
  • Increases the soil's potential for infiltration, which reduces surface runoff.
  • Helps plants retain moisture and nutrients.
  • Compost that has fully decomposed slows down soil reactivity and regulates soil temperature.
  • Additionally, it boosts soil microbial activity, which aids in the mineralization of chemical fertilizers used, enhancing their availability to crops.

Best Homemade Organic Fertilizer for Plants –

Compost manure provides the right amount of other essential nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, iron, calcium to the roots of the plant, as well as organic manure also helps the plant to grow quickly and maintains moisture in the soil. From household kitchen waste to plant and animal residues for vegetables and other plants, you can easily make natural organic fertilizers at your home. Some of the major organic manures and fertilizers used in gardening are as follows:

Plant-based fertilizers and manures –

  • Compost (such as leaf compost, kitchen waste compost)
  • Cottonseed meal
  • Kelp
  • Seaweed
  • Wood ash
  • Alfalfa meal fertilizer

Animal-based fertilizers

  • fish emulsion
  • fish meal
  • blood meal
  • dung manure
  • vermicomposting
  • bone meal

Just as humans require carbohydrates and proteins for survival, plants require INPK Fertilizer (Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium) as well as other essential micronutrients for survival and growth. You can prepare some homemade organic compost manure at home and give it to your plants. Now here you will learn about the method of making compost at home for vegetables and other plants in the home garden:

Method for Making Best Compost Fertilizer For Plants –

  • compost tea
  • Weed fertilizer (weed fertilizer or lawn fertilizer)
  • fish tank water
  • Vinegar Fertilizer
  • Banana peel fertilizer
  • coffee grounds
  • vermicomposting
  • egg shell compost
  • domestic animals food fertilizer
  • wood ash

How to Make Compost Tea At Home –

How to Make Compost Tea At Home

Fertilizer made from compost tea is very beneficial for plants, which you can easily make at home, the method of making compost tea is given below:

  • Fill a container 1/3 of the way with good quality ready composted manure from the compost pile.
  • After this fill the container with water leaving 3-4 inches empty from the top.
  • Let the solution kept in the container remain like this for 3 or 4 days.
  • After this, after stirring the solution well, filter it with the help of a cloth and separate the manure.
  • Filtered liquid fertilizer is called compost tea, now mix water and compost tea in the ratio of 10:1.
  • Fill the fertilizer thus prepared in a spray pump and spray it on the leaves of the plants. 

How to Make Weed Fertilizer or Lawn Fertilizer at Home –

How to Make Weed Fertilizer or Lawn Fertilizer at Home

Like grass fertilizers, the amount of nitrogen is also found in high amount in weeds. These weeds do not need to be specially grown Weeds useful for composting include: Horsetail, Chickweed, Nettles, Burdock, Comfrey.

You can use these weeds to make compost, the method of making weed compost is as follows:

  • Fill a container 2/3 full with fresh grass or shredded weeds.
  • After this fill the container with water.
  • Leave the mixture in the container at room temperature for 3 days.
  • Stir the mixture in the bucket at least once a day.
  • After 3 days, filter the liquid and dilute this liquid fertilizer by mixing it in equal parts with water.
  • Spray this compost manure mixture on the leaves for better plant growth.

Make Natural Fertilizer For Plants From Fish Tank Water –

Fish tank water is favorable for plants, in which nitrogen is high, let us know how to use it as a natural fertilizer:

  • Remove the water from the fish tank without harming the hatchlings.
  • Pour or spray untreated water from the fish tank onto plants.

How to Make Fertilizer From Vinegar at Home –

How to Make Fertilizer From Vinegar at Home

Vinegar or acetic acid is very beneficial for roses or houseplants that prefer an acid medium. The following is the method of making compost from vinegar at home:

  • Mix 1 tablespoon of white vinegar in about 5 liters of water.
  • Pour or spray this vinegar solution on your plants as a liquid fertilizer.
  • You can pour this solution on your plant after every 3 months.

How to Make Fertilizer at Home From Banana Peel –

How to Make Fertilizer at Home From Banana Peel

Potassium is required for the growth of plants in the garden, which is abundant in banana peel. Banana peel improves soil fertility. The method of making compost from banana peel is given below:

  • Put banana peels in a hole or bury them under mulch before planting.
  • Banana peels will be converted into compost in 4 to 5 days.
  • When the peel is completely converted into compost, you can add this compost to the soil of your plant's pot.

How to Make Compost From Coffee Grounds –

Coffee grounds compost contains nitrogen, which is very beneficial for tomatoes, blueberries and roses. Fertilizer made from coffee grounds helps the plants to grow well. How to make compost from coffee grounds at home? To know its method, read the tips given below carefully:

  • Mix 1 cup of coffee grounds in 4 liters of water.
  • Leave the coffee grounds mixed in water for 3-4 days.
  • After 3-4 days add the mixture to the potting soil of the plant.

How to Make Earthworm Compost at Home –

How to Make Earthworm Compost at Home

It is very easy to make worm castings or vermicomposting fertilizer at home, the tips for making it are as follows:

  • Mix a handful of wriggler worms with kitchen waste or cardboard scraps in the compost bin.
  • Leave this mixture in the compost bin for a week.
  • After a week add this compost to the soil of the plants.

How to Make Fertilizer From Egg Shells –

How to Make Fertilizer From Egg Shells

Eggshell contains calcium carbonate (93%), which prevents rotting of plant roots. It is very easy to make fertilizer from egg shells, the method of making it is as follows:

  • Wash the egg shells with water.
  • Then crush them well and add them to the soil of the plant, especially the soil of tomato or pepper plants.
  • Eggshells can also be used in place of soil conditioner.

How to Make Compost at Home From Pet Food –

Pet food contains protein and micronutrients that can be recycled and used as compost. Before using pet food as fertilizer, make sure that it does not contain more than 3% chemicals and sodium, as these are harmful to plants.

  • Mix the pet food into the soil with water when preparing the soil for planting.
  • Food mixed in the soil naturally decomposes within a few days.
  • Keep soiled food away from your pets or cover it with cardboard.
  • Keep the soil well watered for 3 to 4 weeks.

How to Make Compost at Home with Wood Ash –

Potassium and calcium carbonate are found in plenty in compost made from wood ash, which is very beneficial for plants. You can use it in place of lime in gardening. Prepare fertilizer by mixing wood ash well in the soil, do not use this fertilizer on plants that like acid medium.

Keep these things in Mind While Making Compost

  • You will often see some worms in compost, do not be afraid of them, they actually work to convert waste into compost.
  • Do not leave the compost box open, otherwise mosquitoes and flies will come in it, due to which you will be in trouble.
  • If you smell it while making compost, then understand that there is a lack of soil or cocopeat in it.
  • In case of bad smell, you can add dry leaves to the compost box, which will increase the carbon content in the compost and will not smell bad.
  • It is very important to be patient while making compost, as this process takes some time.
  • Through compost makers, you can make compost in one and a half to two months, whereas without it, it can easily take 3-4 months to make compost by mixing only garbage in the soil.

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