Constipation : Types, Causes, Symptoms , Side effect & Home Remedies

Constipation : Types, Causes , Symptoms , Side effect , Prevention Tips & Home Remedies

People nowadays see a lot of stomach problems as a result of bad habits. There are two possible explanations for this: first, not eating on time, and second, eating more than usual. Outside food contains more oil and spices, which is bad for stomach health. As a result, there is a problem with acidity, bloating, headaches, and so on, and stool begins to freeze in the stomach, causing the digestive system to gradually weaken. But don't worry; we'll show you some simple home remedies that can help you get rid of constipation.

Table of Content

What is Constipation ?

Constipation is a condition characterized by infrequent bowel movements, difficulty passing stool, and/or the feeling of incomplete bowel evacuation. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including a lack of dietary fiber, dehydration, sedentary lifestyle, certain medications, and underlying medical conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or thyroid disorders. Some common symptoms of constipation include straining during bowel movements, hard or lumpy stools, abdominal discomfort, and bloating. While occasional constipation is common and typically not a cause for concern, chronic constipation can lead to complications such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and rectal prolapse. Treatment typically involves lifestyle changes such as increasing fiber intake, staying hydrated, and getting regular exercise, as well as over-the-counter or prescription medications in some cases.

Types of Constipation

Constipation is classified into three types. Come on in and tell us all about these three types of constipation.

1. Normal Transit Constipation: 

This is the most common type. A person suffering from this type of constipation finds it difficult to have a bowel movement, but continues to have a normal bowel movement according to his routine.

2. Slow Transit Constipation: 

This is a problem caused by a large intestine disorder. The enteric nervous system (ENS) nerves play an important role in the defecation process. Only defecation from the large intestine is carried by these nerves to the anus. Slow transit constipation is caused by an abnormality in this nerve.

3. Disorder of Defecation: 

Defecation disorder affects 50% of people who complain of chronic constipation. Only experts can explain why this is happening. Some experts believe that the main causes of defecation disorders are dysfunctional anal organs and their dysfunctional relationships.

Constipation : Types, Causes , Symptoms , Side effect , Prevention Tips & Home Remedies

Causes of Constipation

Constipation is primarily caused by our way of life and diet. As stated at the beginning of the article, constipation is not a disease, but can occur as a result of other deficiencies in the body.

1. Consumption of low fiber foods: 

Fiber is abundant in fruits, vegetables, and grains. It comes in two varieties: soluble and insoluble. Both are beneficial to the stomach. By forming a gel with water, soluble fiber aids digestion. Insoluble fiber, on the other hand, thickens and bulks the stool, causing it to pass quickly. This fiber activity is critical in maintaining normal bowel movements. As a result, a lack of fiber can cause constipation by impeding bowel movements.

2. Inadequate Fluid Intake: 

Fiber requires water and other fluids to function properly. Naturally sweet fruits, vegetable juices, and soups, for example. This softens the stool and allows it to pass more easily.

3. Medicines: 

Medicines are used to treat disease, but some medications can cause constipation. Constipation can be caused by some antidepressants and pain relievers. As a result, medicines can also be cited as a reason for not using the lavatory.

4. During pregnancy: 

Constipation is common in pregnant women. During this time, progesterone hormone levels rise while motility hormone levels fall. As a result, the time it takes for stool to pass from the stomach to the anus (bowel transit time) may lengthen. Pregnant women also consume more iron, which can cause constipation. The enlarged uterus can also prevent stool from coming out during this time.

5. Hypothyroidism : 

Hypothyroidism is also characterized by constipation. The hormone imbalance in the body is caused by hypothyroidism. Constipation can be caused by this imbalance.

6. Physical inactivity:

Constipation can also be caused by a lack of physical activity or exercise. Abdominal muscle strengthening may make it easier to pass stools. Constipation can result from weak abdominal muscles caused by a lack of physical activity.

7. Supplements for Health:

These can also result in constipation. Iron and calcium supplements, in particular, can cause constipation.

8. Stress:

Constipation can be caused by stress in a variety of ways. Stress hormones can cause infection in the gut and interfere with bowel movements. Also, when under stress, people do not eat properly, do not drink enough water, and do not exercise, which can lead to constipation.

9. Controlling the urge to urinate:

Constipation can result from stool retention. This is due to the fact that holding stool can gradually cause the stomach and intestines to stop signalling for bowel movements.

10. IBS:

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by persistent abdominal pain or discomfort, as well as a change in bowel habits (such as diarrhea or constipation) lasting three months or more. As a result, constipation may occur as a result of this.

11. Inadequate Rest:

There is so much work pressure in today's hectic world that it is impossible to get enough sleep. The digestive system is unable to function properly as a result of not getting enough sleep, and constipation may occur.

Symptoms of Constipation 

The symptoms of constipation disease can be classified based on their severity. Constipation symptoms differ from person to person. One or more symptoms of constipation can be seen in a person, which are as follows:

  • Having bowel movements less often than usual.
  • Hard and dry stools, which may be painful to pass.
  • Need to exert more force in passing stool.
  • Sitting on the toilet for long periods of time.
  • Feeling after defecation that the stomach has not been cleared.
  • One of the symptoms of chronic constipation is cramping or pain in the abdomen.
  • Cramping or pain in the stomach.
  • Sores in the mouth

Constipation : Types, Causes , Symptoms , Side effect , Prevention Tips & Home Remedies

Home Remedies for Constipation

There is no need to spend time pondering how to get rid of constipation. Home remedies for constipation can be used to treat this and prevent constipation. Come tell us how these can be a cure-all for constipation.

1. Water

After waking up in the morning, drinking lemon water with honey can be beneficial. According to one study, drinking honey and lemon mixed with lukewarm water on an empty stomach in the morning can provide relief from constipation. In such a case, if someone is looking for a constipation cure, this home remedy can be used.

Material :

  • a lukewarm glass of water
  • half teaspoon lemon juice
  • a spoonful of honey

Method of use:

  • In lukewarm water, combine lemon and honey.
  • Sit in one spot and drink as much water as you can, sip by sip.
  • After that, go for a 15-20-minute walk in the open space.
  • There may be a need for a bowel movement at some point.

2. Castor oil

Castor oil can be used as a natural remedy for constipation. This oil works wonders when taken on an empty stomach. By passing through the stomach, it can thin and soften the stool, resulting in a completely clean stomach at the time of defecation.

Material :

  • 1 teaspoon castor oil
  • juice of half a lemon
  • a glass of water

Method of use:

  • Warm a glass of water.
  • Add lemon and castor oil to it.
  • Consume this water empty stomach in the morning.

Note: This oil should not be taken for more than seven days without consulting a doctor.

3. Papaya

It acts as a lubricant for the intestines, softening the stool and cleansing the stomach. Because papaya juice contains an element called papain, which can digest food, it can be considered a panacea for constipation. This beneficial fruit can also aid in detoxification. As a result, papaya is regarded as one of the remedies for softening the stool.

Material :

  • a bowl of papaya
  • 1 cup dairy free coconut yogurt

Method of use:

  • Make a shake by adding one bowl of papaya and one cup of dairy free coconut yogurt in a mixer.
  • Now put it in a glass and consume it.

4. Flax seeds

Linseed has been used as an Ayurvedic medicine to treat constipation. It contains soluble fiber, which can help treat constipation by cleaning the intestines. It has more fiber and less carbohydrate, so it can aid digestion by repairing the digestive system. Linseed contains numerous anti-oxidant properties that regulate hormones in the body. In this context, flax seed can be beneficial for constipation.

Material :

  • flax seeds
  • a glass of water

Method of use:

  • In a mixer, combine flax seeds and water to make powder.
  • Mix 20 grammes of linseed powder with 20 grammes of water and set aside.
  • Filter the water and drink it after three to four hours.

5. Baking Soda

Baking soda, or sodium bicarbonate, can be an effective, efficient, and inexpensive treatment for constipation. Sodium bicarbonate is an antacid that can be used to relieve acid reflex and indigestion. These digestive system benefits can help reduce the risk of constipation. Consult your doctor before using baking soda, as excessive consumption can be harmful.

Material :

  • one teaspoon baking soda
  • a glass of lukewarm water

Method of use:

  • Mix baking soda in water and drink it.
  • Wait for pressure to build up.

6. Honey

Honey has long been thought to be natural and beneficial, and it can be used as a home remedy for constipation. It has been used as a medicine in India since ancient times. If you're wondering how to get rid of constipation, honey's benefits have been mentioned in Ayurveda. It contains antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti inflammatory properties that can help prevent constipation.

Material :

  • a spoonful of honey
  • half a lemon
  • a glass of lukewarm water

Method of use:

  • Mix honey and lemon in lukewarm water.
  • Then drink this mixture.

7. Plums juice

Plums can help with constipation. It contains a sufficient amount of fiber, which is beneficial to the stomach. It cleanses the stomach by increasing stool production. Plums have traditionally been used to treat constipation.


  • two plums

Method of use:

  • Consume plums regularly.

8. Triphala

Triphala powder is created by combining three fruits, Amla, Harad, and Baheda, in equal parts. This is an ancient Ayurvedic medicine used to treat constipation. Triphala can help to cleanse the stomach and relieve symptoms like flatulence and bloating. As a result, Triphala can be considered a cure-all for constipation.

Material :

  • 2 teaspoons triphala powder
  • a glass of lukewarm water

Method of use:

  • Combine Triphala powder with hot water.
  • Drink it before going to bed.
  • After drinking it, do not eat anything.

9. Herbal-Tea

Herbal tea has traditionally been used as a natural laxative. Its consumption facilitates stool passage. To treat constipation, there are many herbal teas on the market that can be chosen based on taste.

Material :

  • herbal-tea bags
  • Hot Water

Method of use: 

  • Put the herbal tea bag in a cup filled with hot water.
  • Drink it after five minutes.

10. Vitamins

Constipation symptoms can be alleviated by taking vitamin C. Using Vitamin C as a constipation remedy can help the food pipe function properly. Vitamin C can aid in the removal of harmful toxins from the body. At the same time, Vitamin-B complex capsule contains elements such as B-1, B-5, B-9, and B-12, which can help clean the stomach. As a result, it is also used as a medicine to soften stool.

Material :

  • Vitamin-C tablet
  • Vitamin-B Complex Capsules

How to use:

  • Mix Vitamin-C tablet in a glass of water and drink it.
  • Vitamin-B complex capsule can also be taken with this mixture.

11. Kiwi

Kiwi can be used to treat constipation. IBS symptoms can be alleviated by eating kiwi. According to a study published on the NCBI website, eating kiwi can shorten the time it takes to pass stool, making it more convenient to pass stool.

Material :

  • two kiwis
  • Black Salt

Method of use:

  • Peel the kiwi and cut it into pieces.
  • Apply black salt to kiwi fruit and eat it.

12. Fig

Figs are thought to be the best medicine for constipation patients. Its seeds soften the stool, allowing it to pass more easily through the anus. A study in this regard has been published on the NCBI website. It has been reported that fig paste can aid in the treatment of constipation. The fibre in it can help to ease the bowel movement process, which is why it is recommended. This is why eating figs can be considered a natural remedy for constipation.

Material :

  • dried figs

Method of use:

  • Soak figs in water overnight.
  • Consume figs on an empty stomach in the morning.
  • If you want, you can also make a paste of it.

13. Olive oil

Olive oil is an Ayurvedic remedy for constipation. This oil softens the stool, so that there is no need to strain while passing stool and the stomach can be cleaned easily.

Material :

two teaspoons olive oil

Method of use:

  • Olive oil can be drunk every morning on an empty stomach.
  • This oil can also be used in cooking.

14. Wheat bran

Scientific evidence suggests that fiber-rich wheat bran may be beneficial in preventing constipation. Wheat bran is beneficial to humans because it helps to prevent obesity and some gastrointestinal diseases. It can also help to prevent a variety of abdominal problems, such as diverticulitis (a digestive system disorder), constipation, and IBS. As a result, bran can be used as an Ayurvedic remedy for constipation.

Material :

  • bran extracted from flour or purchased from the market
  • Water

Method of use:

  • In a mixer, grind the bran with water to make a powder.
  • Take 20 grammes of powder dissolved in water on a daily basis.
  • Whole bran can also be included in the daily diet if desired.
  • It can be mixed into roti, porridge, and halwa, among other things.
  • Bread and biscuits containing bran are available on the market and can be consumed.

15. Apple

Eating an apple with the peel provides the body with enough fibre, which can help with constipation. As a result, apples are among the foods recommended for constipation.

Material :

  • one Apple
  • a glass of milk

Method of use:

  • Cut the apple into fine pieces along with the peel.
  • Put them in a mixer and grind them with milk.
  • Include this shake in breakfast.
  • Consuming an apple daily is more beneficial than a shake.

16. Citrus Fruits

Consuming citrus fruits does not cause constipation, contrary to popular belief. Citrus fruits, according to scientific studies, contain a compound called pectin, which can be used as a home remedy for constipation. Pectin can aid in the treatment of constipation. On this basis, citrus fruits may be beneficial in the treatment of constipation.

Material :

  • Orange
  • Seasonal
  • Lemon
  • grapefruit

Method of use:

  • Consume all these fruits regularly.

17. Lentil

Because lentils are high in fiber, they can help with constipation. They should also be consumed in a balanced amount, as too much fiber can cause gas and abdominal pain.

Material :

  • kidney beans (rajma)
  • chickpeas
  • Soybean
  • other pulses

Method of use:

  • One of the above pulses can be cooked daily and included in lunch or dinner.

Can these natural remedies help with chronic constipation?

A fiber-rich diet, can improve symptoms of chronic constipation, but diet and home remedies alone cannot cure it completely. If constipation is chronic and bowel movement is difficult even after using the above home remedies, it is best to see a doctor. To treat chronic constipation, doctors may prescribe medications and enemas. Constipation and diseases caused by constipation can be avoided by doing so.

Constipation : Types, Causes , Symptoms , Side effect , Prevention Tips & Home Remedies

What to eat and what not to eat in constipation

If the diet is balanced, there should be no risk of disease. As a result, it is critical that whatever he consumes be clean and hygienic. Let us now discuss what foods we should include in our diet to avoid constipation.

Eat this:

1. Legumes: 

It is higher in fibre than other vegetables. You can eat it by adding it to soup or by making a salad out of it. Vegetables can be made from legumes. When indigestion symptoms appear, it may be beneficial to increase their intake.

2. Fruits: 

Although eating fruits is beneficial in every way, papaya, apple, banana, and grapes are examples of fruits that can help with constipation. They are high in fibre, which can aid in colon cleansing. Before eating these fruits, diabetics should consult their doctor.

3. Dry fruits : 

Dry fruits, such as raisins, walnuts, figs, and almonds, are higher in fiber. Constipation can be avoided by eating them on a regular basis.

4. Popcorn: 

Popcorn is a good source of fibre and calories. Constipation can be relieved by eating popcorn as a snack. It may be preferable to use plain popcorn instead of flavoured popcorn for this.

5. Oatmeal: 

Oats have a low fat content, and beta glucagon is a type of fiber. Aside from that, oats contain iron, protein, and vitamin B1.

6. Liquid substances: 

If you want your constipation problem to go away for good, drink plenty of liquids. Throughout the day, at least eight to ten glasses of water should be consumed. Aside from that, juices of various fruits and vegetables can be consumed. As a result, the intestines have no trouble digesting food and the body can always stay hydrated.

Not to Eat in Constipation

Some foods may be responsible for the loss of constipation, these foods include:

1. Fried foods: 

Fried foods, such as chips and chaat-dumplings, can disrupt stomach digestion and cause constipation.

2. Sugary beverages: 

Sugary drinks or syrups can cause stomach upset.

3. Tea-Coffee: 

Tea and coffee should be avoided by those who suffer from constipation.

4. Junk food: 

Pasta, burgers, pizza, and microwave meals should be avoided. If you have symptoms of not clearing your stomach, you should pay attention to what you eat.

5. Smoking and alcohol: 

Smoking harms the digestive system. Constipation can occur as a result of smoking's direct effect on the small and large intestines. At the same time, alcoholic beverages such as wine can be detrimental to the digestive system. More of these can lengthen the time it takes for the stomach to empty.

Side effect of constipation

Ignoring constipation can lead to some serious problems. These problems include diseases caused by constipation.

  • Persistent constipation can give rise to the problem of piles.
  • Due to constipation, the problem of acne can also be caused due to not being able to clean the stomach.
  • Persistent constipation can cause varicolored (disease of veins) in men. This problem can reduce the fertility of men.
  • Patients with chronic constipation may also have some mental disorders, including anxiety, stress, and depression.

Prevention Tips For Constipation

Here are some useful tips for avoiding constipation by incorporating them into your daily routine.

1. Disciplined routine: 

Get up at the same time every day and go to bed at the same time every night. Also, keep a four-hour gap between each of the three meals, and eat lightly. This practice can help you avoid constipation.

2. When travelling: 

Eat according to the rules even while travelling, and eat only light and clean food if possible.

3. Timely defecation: 

As previously stated in this article, stool retention wreaks havoc on the digestive system and causes constipation. As a result, only have a bowel movement when the need arises.

4. Fiber-rich foods: 

Include oats, brown rice, fruits, and vegetables in your diet to ensure adequate fiber intake.

5. Regular exercise: 

Sitting and working for long periods of time can also lead to constipation. So, make time in your busy schedule to exercise or go to the gym. If you enjoy sports, you can play cricket, badminton, lawn tennis, and football. Cycling and swimming are also viable options.

6. Avoid bed tea: 

Make it a habit to drink water first thing in the morning instead of bed tea. In the morning, lukewarm water may be preferable to tea or coffee.

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

1. Why does constipation occur repeatedly?

Changes in routine, a lack of fibre in the daily diet, a lack of fluids, and a lack of exercise are all causes of frequent constipation. Constipation can occur repeatedly as a result of any of these factors. To avoid constipation, it is necessary to maintain a regular eating routine.

2. What are some quick constipation remedies?

Enema therapy can be a quick fix. A smooth liquid, similar to soap, is delivered to the stomach via the anus. The urge to pass stool begins shortly after this. This method is not commonly used because it has several drawbacks. Doctors also advise using it in severe cases. As a result, only doctor-recommended medication and dietary changes are effective in relieving constipation.

3. What exactly is a fast homemade laxative?

Consider combining muesli and flax meal.

4. Is milk beneficial for constipation?

Dairy may cause constipation in some people, but for the majority, it can soothe the digestive process and allow for smooth bowel movements.

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