Piles (Hemorrhoids) : Causes, symptoms and Home Remedies for Piles

Piles (Hemorrhoids) : Causes, symptoms and Home Remedies for Piles

People frequently shy away from talking about heaps in public. They are ashamed of their sickness. Nonetheless, many people wrongly think that having piles indicates that cleaning is not a top concern. There are many medical conditions that could evolve into this disease. Here, you'll find all the details you require regarding piles' causes, symptoms, and remedies. The article's recommended do-it-yourself remedies can help with this problem. Also, a trip to the doctor is necessary for piles therapy.

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What is Piles (Hemorrhoids)?

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are swollen veins in the lower part of the rectum or anus. The veins can become swollen due to increased pressure, such as from straining during bowel movements, pregnancy, or obesity. Hemorrhoids can be internal, located inside the rectum, or external, located around the anus.

Symptoms of hemorrhoids can include pain, itching, discomfort, and bleeding during bowel movements. Hemorrhoids are a common condition and can often be managed with self-care measures such as dietary changes, increased water intake, and topical treatments. However, severe cases may require medical intervention such as prescription medications, minimally invasive procedures, or surgery.

Types of piles (Hemorrhoids)

There are two distinct pile types. The first is located inside the anus, and the second is outside the anus. Give us more information on them.

1. Internal Hemorrhoids: 

They start at the rectum (rectum) and are located within the anus. Prolapse is the medical term for when the tissues in this area swell up and protrude. Internal hemorrhoids' most frequent issue is bleeding during bowel movements.

  • Grade 1 : Non-prolapsing heaps 
  • Grade 2 :Prolapsing hemorrhoids (tissue prolapses when straining during a bowel movement and then retracts)
  • Grade 3: Prolapsing piles that need to be surgically removed.

Hemorrhoids of Grade IV are non-reducible prolapsing hemorrhoids, such as acute thromboses hemorrhoids (enlarged hemorrhoids with severe swelling and bleeding that eventually produce blood clots), and imprisoned hemorrhoids.

2. External Hemorrhoids: 

This condition affects the anus externally. Cleaning the piles-affected area after a bowel movement may be challenging during this heaps. Also, it hurts a lot if a blood clot forms outside during these piles. Thromboses external hemorrhoids are what this is.

Piles (Hemorrhoids) : Causes, symptoms and Home Remedies for Piles

Symptoms of Piles (Hemorrhoids)

It is believed that the problem of piles is not very painful, but if a blood clot is formed, it can cause a lot of pain. Below we are telling you about some common symptoms of piles.

  • Rectal bleeding
  • Anus itching
  • Pain in the anus, especially while sitting
  • pain during bowel movements
  • Formation of one or more hard lumps near the anus.

Now we will talk about the home remedies for piles in detail. After this, we will also give information about how piles is treated.

Causes of Piles (Hemorrhoids)

Hemorrhoids can be caused by a variety of factors that increase pressure on the veins in the rectal and anal area. Some common causes of hemorrhoids include:

1. Straining during bowel movements: 

This is one of the most common causes of hemorrhoids. Straining puts pressure on the veins in the rectal and anal area, which can cause them to become swollen and inflamed.

2. Chronic constipation: 

Constipation can lead to straining during bowel movements, which can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids.

3. Pregnancy: 

The increased weight and pressure of the uterus during pregnancy can put pressure on the veins in the rectal and anal area, leading to hemorrhoids.

4. Obesity: 

Being overweight or obese can also put pressure on the veins in the rectal and anal area, increasing the risk of hemorrhoids.

5. Sitting for long periods: 

Sitting for extended periods, especially on hard surfaces, can increase pressure on the veins in the rectal and anal area, leading to hemorrhoids.

6. Aging: 

As we age, the tissues in the rectal and anal area can weaken, making hemorrhoids more likely to develop.

Other factors that can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids include a family history of hemorrhoids, a low-fiber diet, and chronic diarrhea.

Effective Home remedies for Piles (Hemorrhoids)

Below we are telling you the home remedies for piles, but before doing these remedies, make sure that you are not allergic to any of these ingredients. It can be seen by doing a patch test once that due to this there is no skin irritation or any other side effects.

1. Sitz Bath for Piles

The remedy known as a "sitz bath" involves submerging the anus in hot water. It is thought that taking this bath would ease the pain associated with piles. After the procedure for treating piles, it is also advised to take a sitz bath.


  • a bathtub
  • lukewarm water

Method of use:

  • Pour about three to four inches of lukewarm water in the bathtub.
  • Now keep the piles affected part immersed in it for 10 to 15 minutes.
  • Keep in mind that do not put bath soap, bubble bath or any such product in the water.
  • This remedy can be done two to three times a day.

2. Witch Hazel

Witch hazel's anti-inflammatory characteristics make it a useful remedy for relieving the burning and swelling brought on by piles. On whether it helps to lessen hemorrhoids' symptoms, there isn't enough data, though. Hemorrhoid creams can also contain witch hazel to treat the condition.


  • witch hazel water
  • cotton (as needed)

Method of use:

  • Soak cotton in witch hazel water.
  • Now keep it on your anal area for a few minutes.
  • This remedy can be done three to four times a day.

3. Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil has anti-inflammatory qualities that can lessen inflammation and pain while also reducing swelling. Furthermore, it also possesses antibacterial qualities that might lessen the acute symptoms of piles. Tea tree oil also possesses antibacterial and antibiotic qualities, which may aid in infection prevention. A gel composed of hyaluronic acid and tea tree oil was also discovered in an early trial to have potential for treating hemorrhoids.


  • 2-3 drops of tea tree oil
  • one teaspoon olive oil

Method of use:

  • Add tea tree oil to olive oil and mix well.
  • Now dip cotton in this mixture and apply it on the affected area.

4. Aloe vera

Aloe vera's anti-inflammatory qualities may be helpful in reducing pain and swelling. Using aloe vera topically (on the skin) is safe, despite the lack of sufficient evidence on its usage for piles. Furthermore, aloe vera can be found in piles cream. Aloe vera cream has been shown to be effective in treating piles patients' post-operative pain, according to study posted on the NCBI website.


  • Aloe vera gel (as needed)

Method of use:

  • Take out the aloe vera gel and apply it on the piles area.
  • Leave the gel on for 10 to 15 minutes.
  • If you want, you can also drink a cup of aloe vera juice on an empty stomach in the morning.
  • This can be done once or twice daily.

5. Coconut oil

Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects are found in coconut oil. Each of these qualities can aid in relieving the pain and swelling associated with piles. Moreover, coconut oil includes antibacterial substances that can help eradicate bacteria and stop them from growing. Research is still needed to determine whether coconut oil can help with piles or not.


  • Virgin coconut oil (as required)

Method of use:

  • Apply coconut oil on the affected area using clean fingers.
  • Apply it two to three times a day until the pain or lump disappears.

6. Garlic

Garlic is thought to help with piles, according to popular belief. Alicia, a substance found in garlic, is actually anti-inflammatory and antibacterial. These characteristics could aid in easing the discomfort and swelling associated with some hemorrhoid symptoms. can also stop bacteria from multiplying. Moreover, garlic has anti thrombotic qualities that can stop blood clots from forming as a result of piles. The advantages of garlic for hemorrhoids are currently understudied. A patch test must be performed before to beginning any home treatments for piles.


  • three to four garlic cloves
  • a cup of water

Method of use:

  • For external piles, peel garlic cloves and boil them in water for 10 minutes.
  • Keep the water in the fridge and cool it. Soak a piece of cotton in this water and keep it on the anus for 10 to 15 minutes.
  • Peel and crush a clove of garlic for internal piles. Now keep it inside the rectum and leave it overnight.

7. Jatyadi Oil

In Ayurveda, jatiyadi oil is frequently used to treat piles and anal discomfort. This may lessen the risk of internal bleeding brought on by piles. Moreover, it possesses wound-healing qualities that may aid in wound healing following piles therapy. Moreover, it can treat and stop the growth of wounds brought on by hemorrhoids.


  • 5-6 drops castor oil
  • lukewarm water
  • a bathtub

Method of use:

  • Fill one-quarter of the bathtub with lukewarm water.
  • Now put castor oil in it.
  • Soak the affected area in it for five to six minutes.

8. Fiber rich foods

One of the main problems that occurs during piles is the problem in bowel movement. Bleeding also occurs due to difficulty in passing stool. In such a situation, it becomes necessary to include sufficient amount of fiber in the food. Consuming a fiber-rich diet can provide some relief from piles caused by constipation. Therefore, it is considered appropriate to consume about 30 to 35 grams of fiber in a day to avoid the troubles and problems caused by piles. Vegetables, fruits and whole grains can be taken in fiber-rich foods.

9. Tea Bags

It is thought that applying a tea bag to the anus would lessen the pain and itching. There is, however, no relevant scientific study accessible. In a study that was released by NCBI, chamomile was found to be helpful in lowering inflammation. Those with piles might use its teabag, paste, and tea in this circumstance to relieve their symptoms.


  • one to two tea bags
  • a cup of hot water

Method of use:

  • Soak the tea bag in a cup of hot water for a few minutes.
  • Now remove it from hot water and let the tea become lukewarm.
  • Then with the help of a piece of cotton, apply this tea on the affected area for five to 10 minutes.
  • Alternatively, chill the tea bag by placing it in the fridge for a few minutes.
  • Now keep it on the anus.
  • This process can be repeated two to three times daily.

10. Black Seed Oil

Moreover, black seed oil possesses analgesic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects. These characteristics can aid in easing the pain and swelling associated with piles. Sesame oil is likewise thought to be beneficial for both varieties of piles, along with fennel oil. It can be used to create natural piles cures. This can somewhat lessen the signs and symptoms of piles.


  • ½ teaspoon black seed oil
  • 1 teaspoon vinegar

Method of use:

  • Add black seed oil to the vinegar and mix well.
  • Now apply it on piles affected area.
  • For constipation (which is the cause of piles), drink a cup of black tea mixed with half a teaspoon of black seed oil.
  • The decoction (with oil) can be taken twice a day.

11. Green Tea

Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory qualities are thought to be helpful in easing piles symptoms. Green tea has both of these qualities. As a result, it may be argued that these properties may assist to lessen various piles symptoms, such as discomfort and edema. Nevertheless, there is no evidence on the potential benefits of using green tea for piles.


  • 1 to 2 green tea bags
  • a cup of hot water
  • 1/2 tsp honey
  • 1/2 tsp lemon juice

Method of use:

  • Put the green tea bag in hot water for a couple of minutes.
  • Now take out the tea bag and add honey and lemon to it.
  • You can wash the piles affected area with this two to three times a day.
  • Green tea can also be used without honey and lemon.
  • Alternatively, you can place a used tea bag on the affected area for a few minutes.

12. Apple cider vinegar for Hemorrhoids

Apple cider vinegar is a popular home remedy for treating hemorrhoids. However, there is limited scientific evidence to support its effectiveness.

The theory behind using apple cider vinegar for hemorrhoids is that it contains anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce swelling and irritation in the anal area. Some people also believe that apple cider vinegar can help reduce the size of hemorrhoids and provide relief from itching and pain.


  • apple cider vinegar
  • water
  • cotton ball or clean cloth

Method of use:

  • you can mix equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water 
  • apply it to the affected area with a cotton ball or clean cloth. 
  • It is important to dilute the apple cider vinegar as applying it directly to the skin can cause irritation and burning.

However, it is important to note that apple cider vinegar may not be effective for everyone and can cause side effects such as skin irritation and allergic reactions. It is always best to consult with a healthcare provider before trying any new home remedy or treatment for hemorrhoids.

13. Ice packs For Hemorrhoids

Ice packs can be an effective home remedy for relieving the pain and swelling associated with hemorrhoids. The cold temperature of the ice pack can help reduce inflammation and numb the area, providing relief from discomfort.


  • Ice packs 
  • clean cloth

Method of use:

  • you can wrap a small pack of ice or a cold compress in a clean cloth  
  • apply it to the affected area for 15-20 minutes at a time. 
  • It is important to avoid direct skin contact with the ice pack to prevent ice burn.

You can repeat this process several times a day, as needed, to help reduce pain and swelling. However, it is important to note that ice packs may not be suitable for everyone, especially those with sensitive skin or circulation issues. If you experience any discomfort or adverse reactions, discontinue use and consult with a healthcare provider.

Piles (Hemorrhoids) : Causes, symptoms and Home Remedies for Piles

Treatment of Piles (Hemorrhoids)

Treatment for hemorrhoids includes:

  • Over-the-counter corticosteroids, such as cortisone. This cream is given to reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Lidocaine, to reduce the pain.
  • stool softener

Medical procedures include the following treatments:

1. Rubber band ligation: 

Internal haemorrhoids are treated with this method by doctors. Internal piles frequently bleed and prolapse. The doctor encircles the heaps with a rubber band while performing this surgery. The blood supply is cut off by this band. It aids in the rubber banded portion's separation, which takes about a week. Never try to complete this process on your own.

2. Sclerotherapy: 

During this therapy, doctors inject a solution to treat internal hemorrhoids, which often causes the hemorrhoid area to shrink.

3. Infrared photo coagulation

During this the doctor uses a device that shines infrared light directly into the internal hemorrhoids. With its help, the piles area shrinks.

4. Electrocution: 

During this, the doctor sends an electric current into the internal hemorrhoids using a device. Due to the electric current, the piles area shrinks.

5. Hemorrhoidectomy: 

Hemorrhoid surgery is carried out in order to eliminate internal and prolapsing haemorrhage tissue. Only when the medication has no effect on piles is this done. The patient is rendered unconscious during the procedure by the administration of anaesthetic by the doctor.

Prevention Tips for Piles

Piles can be avoided by staying away from the problem of constipation. For this you can try the tips given below .

  • drink plenty of fluids.
  • Eat fiber-rich fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • Use stool softener.
  • Take a fiber supplement.
  • Exercise to prevent constipation.
We discussed the signs and causes of piles in the essay. If somebody notices these symptoms, they should call their doctor right once. Although there are piles treatments that may be performed at home, it is best to see a doctor for a full course of treatment. See a doctor if the issue is significant as well. Certainly, there is some relief available from using home treatments for piles. The preventive methods suggested in this article can be used to help avoid piles and lessen their symptoms.

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